According to research, it is estimated that two out of five plants are at risk of extinction. This is one of the many reasons why it is so important to achieve and maintain sustainability in harvesting and processing, both in wild MAPs and all other crops.
Deliverable 5 of the WildMAPsFit project summarize the analysis conducted on legislative aspects regarding Wild MAP collection and production in each country of the project. There is a section for legal aspects in Greece, Spain, Italy, Turkey, and Ireland.
These extracts are followed by the general Guidelines for Good Agricultural and Wild Collection Practice (GACP) of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants in the European Union, as well as a conclusion on the information gathered.
The IUCN Red List
The International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List is a global source of information for endangered species, including plants. In their own words: “It is a powerful tool to inform and catalyze action for biodiversity conservation and policy change, critical to protecting the natural resources we need to survive. It provides information about range, population size, habitat and ecology, use and/or trade, threats, and conservation actions that will help inform necessary conservation decisions.”
Data such as those provided by the IUCN Red List are key to deciding what specific recommendations and legal actions each country takes in relation to its unique conditions to achieve its sustainability goals.